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國際貨代海運公司是如何節省港口使用費的?

發布時間:2021-11-18 09:59 人氣:

  港口使用費是天津貨代公司成本的主要開銷項目之一。有些船公司港口使用費的支出,占總成本的1/4以上,僅次于燃油費和船舶修理費。因此,節約港口使用費,是遠洋運輸企業為降低運輸成本而必須注意的問題。一般來說,船方節約港口使用費的途徑可表現在以下幾個方面:

  Port usage fee is one of the main expense items of Tianjin freight forwarding company.Some shipping companies spend more than 1/4 of the total cost on port usage fee,which is second only to fuel and ship repair cost.Therefore,saving port usage fee is an issue that ocean shipping enterprises must pay attention to in order to reduce transportation costs.Generally speaking,the ways to save port usage fee for ship side can be shown in the following aspects.

  1.船方必須了解和掌握各港各種費目的收費規則,及其費率調整情況。

  1.The ship side must understand and master the rules of various charges in each port,and its rate adjustment situation.

  2.船方應十分注意合理安排船舶在港內的各項作業,并做好相應的記錄。

  2.The ship owner should pay great attention to the reasonable arrangement of the ship's operations in the port and make the corresponding records.

  

  3.正確掌握船舶進出港時間。應努力爭取白天進出港口,因為各國港口領航、拖輪、系解纜等費用,在夜間、節假日都增收附加費。

  3.Correctly grasp the time of ship entering and leaving the port.You should try your best to get in and out of the port during daytime,because the cost of pilotage,tug and untie in the port of each country is increased by surcharge at night and on holidays.

  4.船舶進出港前,在可能的條件下,盡可能調平船舶的首、尾吃水,以減少船舶最大吃水。因為有些港口,如日本港口的引航費,是按船舶的總噸位和首、尾最大吃水為準。

  4.Before the ship enters or leaves the port,level the first and last draught of the ship as much as possible under the possible conditions to reduce the maximum draught of the ship.Because the pilotage fee of some ports,such as Japanese ports,is based on the gross tonnage of the ship and the maximum draught of the first and the last.

  5.正確地申報船舶噸位。船舶噸稅、船舶港務費、燈塔費等都以船舶的噸位為計算依據。對于二層或二層以上全通甲板的船舶,都可在兩舷勘繪三角噸位標志,并用大小不同的兩種噸位,來替代過去遮蔽甲板船的開閉式噸位。當噸位標志沒入水中時,船方應申報大噸位;當噸位標志未沒入水中時,船方應申報小噸位。

  5.Declare the ship's tonnage correctly.Ship's tonnage tax,ship's harbor fee,lighthouse fee,etc.are calculated based on the tonnage of the ship.For ships with two or more full decks,they can survey and paint triangular tonnage marks on both sides and use two different sizes of tonnage to replace the open and closed tonnage that used to cover the deck ships.When the tonnage mark is not in the water,the ship should declare the large tonnage;when the tonnage mark is not in the water,the ship should declare the small tonnage.

  6.合理地積載貨物。爭取各貨艙同時作業,各艙的裝卸時間盡可能取得平衡,以縮短船舶在港時間。

  6.Reasonable accumulation of cargo.Strive for simultaneous operation of each cargo compartment and balance the loading and unloading time of each compartment as far as possible so as to shorten the ship's time in port.

  7.及時做好各項準備工作,減少各種待時費。

  7.Make all preparations in time to reduce all kinds of waiting time charges.

  8.船方應認真審核和簽署各項收費單據,防止不應有的損失。

  8.The ship side should carefully examine and sign all charge documents to prevent undue losses.


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